Validity and Reliability Study of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale for Faculty Members

Serdar Safali, Bürhan Akpunar

Abstract


In this study, it is aimed to develop a measurement tool with measurement validity and reliability, which can be utilized to identify the academic self-efficacy attitudes of faculty members working in the education faculty. The literature was screened during the development of the scale, the opinions of the teaching staff about the subject were taken one-on-one, and a pool of 40 items was created by making use of the previous studies related to this field. The validity and reliability of the measurement tool were analyzed on the 410-person data set obtained from the application. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was conducted with the remaining 200 data from the data set, without looking at specific criterion on the structure validity of the scale. As a result of the Exploratory Factor Analysis applied to the data obtained after the first application, 7 items were removed from the 40-item scale. It was determined that the remaining 33 items consisted of 5 sub-dimensions. The scale sub-dimensions are named as follow respectively; “Comparing yourself with other faculty members”, “Being able to combat the difficulties faced”, “Self-development”, “Effective teaching process of a course” and “Extracurricular activity”. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was .877 for the whole scale, and it was as follows for the sub-dimensions in respective order; .920.927.895.833 and .828. These findings have revealed that the scale is a tool that can measure academic staffs’ Self-Efficacy levels with five factors. The scale is expected to be used by researchers in the field.

Keywords


Self-Efficacy, Faculty Members, Scale Development, Self-Development

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aiken, L. R. (2000). Psychological Testing and Assessment. (10th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Ataş Akdemir, Ö. (2018). An Investigation of the Relationship between Prospective teachers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs and their Attitudes towards Teaching Profession. Journal of Education and e-Learning Research, 5(3): 157-164.

Ataş Akdemir, Ö. (2019). Teachers' Organizational Communication and Their Job Motivation. Journal of Education and Learning, 8(2), 264-270.

Ayık, A. & Ataş, Ö. (2013). Öğretmen adaylarının öğretmenlik mesleğine yönelik tutumları ile öğretme motivasyonları arasındaki ilişki [The relationship between pre-service teachers’ attitudes towards the teaching profession and their motivation to teach]. Eğitim Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi - Journal of Educational Sciences Research, 4 (1), 25-43. http://ebad-jesr.com/

Balcı, A.(2015). Sosyal Bilimlerde Araştırma: Yöntem, Teknik ve İlkeler. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Publishing.

Bandura, A. (1990). Perceived self-efficacy in the exercise of control over AIDS infection. Evaluation and Program Planning, 13(1), 9–17. doi:10.1016/0149-7189(90)90004-g

Bandura, A. (1993). Perceived self-efficacy in cognitive development and functioning. Educational Psychologist, 28(2), 117–148. doi:10.1207/s15326985ep2802_3

Baysal, E. (2010). Nurses self-efficacy beliefs and job satisfaction relationship: A field study at the University Hospital (Unpublished master's thesis). Istanbul University, Institute of Social Sciences, Istanbul.

Branson, K. J. (2017). Academic self-efficacy and massive open online course (mooc) completion rates: do academic self-efficacy and adult learner characteristics influence mooc outcomes? (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). San Diego State University, San Diego.

Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2012). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı. (16th. Ed.). Ankara: Pegem Akademi Publishing.

Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2019). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı (25th ed.). Ankara: Pegem Akademi Publishing.

Çokluk, Ö., Şekercioğlu, G. & Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2014). Sosyal bilimler için çok değişkenli istatistik. SPSS ve lisrell uygulamaları. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Publishing.

Çubukçu, Z. & Girmen, P. (2007). Determinig the social self-efficacy perception of candidate teachers. Eskişehir Osmangazi University Journal of Social Science, 8 (1), 57-74. Access address: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ogusbd/issue/10991/131525.

DeVellis, R. F. (2003) Scale Development. California: Sage Publishing.

Field, A. (2013). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS statistics (4th ed.). London: Sage Publishing.

Hackett, G., & Betz, N. E. (1989). An exploration of the mathematics self- efficacy/mathematics performance correspondence. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 20(3), 261– 273. doi: 10.2307/749515

Hodges, C. B., Stackpole-Hodges, C. L., & Cox, K. M. (2008). Self-efficacy, self-regulation, and cognitive style as predictors of achievement with podcast instruction. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 38(2), 139–153. doi: 10.2190/EC.38.2.b

Hooper, D., Coughlan, J. & Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structural equation modelling: Guide lines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal Of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53-60.

Karagöz, Y. (2016). SPSS ve AMOS 23 uygulamalı istatistiksel analizler. Ankara: Nobel Publishing.

Kass, R. A., & Tinsley, H. E. A. (1979). Factor analysis. Journal of Leisure Research, 11(2), 120-138.

Kaya, Z. & Akdemir, A. S. (2016). Learning and Teaching: Theories, Approaches and Models. Ankara: Çözüm Publishing.

Kılıç, S. (2016). Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient. Journal of Mood Disorders (JMOOD), 6(1), 47-48.

Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (4th ed.). New York: Guilford Publishing.

Linnenbrink, E. A., & Pintrich, P. R. (2003). The role of self-efficacy beliefs in student engagement and learning in the classroom. Reading & Writing Quarterly: Overcoming Learning Difficulties, 19(2), 119–137. doi: 10.1080/10573560308223

Menekse M., Anwar S., & Purzer S. (2018) Self-Efficacy and mobile learning technologies: A case study of course MIRROR. In: Hodges C. (Edç.) Self-Efficacy in Instructional Technology Contexts. Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-99858-9_4

Mengi, S. (2011). Relations for the social support and self efficacy with school bonding of the secondary education 10th and 11th classes students. (Unpublished master's thesis). Sakarya University, Institute of Social Sciences, Sakarya.

Özdemir, S.M., (2008). Examining the self-efficacy beliefs of the teacher candidates in terms of various variables. Journal of Educational Administration in Theory and Practice, 14(2): 277-306.

Schumacker, R. E., & Lomax, R. G. (2004). A beginner’s guide to structural equation modeling. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishing.

Şeker, H., & Gençdoğan, B. (2014). Psikolojide ve eğitimde ölçme aracı geliştirme. Ankara: Nobel Publishing.

Sharma, H. L. & Nasa, G. (2014). Academic self-efficacy: A reliable predictor of educational performances. British Journal of Education, 2(3), 57-64. Access address: http://www.eajournals.org/wp-content/uploads/Academic-Self-Efficacy-A-Reliable- Predictor-of-Educational-Performances1.pdf.

Shell, D. F., Colvin, C., & Bruning, R. H. (1995). Self-efficacy, attribution, and outcome expectancy mechanisms in reading and writing achievement: Grade-level and achievement-level differences. Journal of Educational Psychology, 87(3), 386–398. doi: 10.1037/0022-0663.87.3.386.

Tavşancıl, E.(2014) Tutumların ölçülmesi ve SPSS İle veri analizi. Ankara: Nobel Publishing.

Thompson, B. (2004). Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis:Understanding Concepts And Applications. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Uzel, A. (2009). Determining the school principals, vice-directors and teachers? level of foreign language self efficacy belief, their need for a foreign language and their ways of learning English (Unpublished master's thesis). Yeditepe University, Institute of Social Sciences, Istanbul.

Yildirim, F. & İ.Ö. İlhan, (2010). Validity and reliability study of the Turkish self-efficacy scale Turkish form. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry, 21(4): 301-308.

Zimmerman, B. J. (2000). Self-efficacy: An essential motive to learn. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25, 82-91. doi:10.1006/ceps.1999.1016




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.11n.4p.21

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2010-2020 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Language and Literary Studies

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.