Sociocultural Theory and its Role in the Development of Language Pedagogy

Abdul Hameed Panhwar, Sanaullah Ansari, Komal Ansari


This paper reviews the literature on Vygotskian theory of Socio-cultural learning and constructivist approach to teaching and learning and attempts to relate the socio-cultural theory to constructivism. The purpose of the paper is to investigate the ways socio-cultural theory helps to develop language pedagogies. Critical analysis of the literature on the socio-cultural theory suggests that the theory has potential for forming new context-oriented language teaching-learning pedagogies which can help teachers in maximising the effectiveness of their teaching and their student’s learning. The review further suggests that the language pedagogies and activities developed from the sociocultural theory of Vygotsky may not only improve students’ language skills, but it also has potential to develop students’ cognition. Since theory promotes more and more communication of students with each other through scaffolding, that is, the Zone of Proximal development (ZPD) in Vygotsky’s language. Thus, the theory directly points towards the promotion of student-centred learning by establishing learner autonomy.

Keywords: socio-cultural theory, language, constructivism, pedagogies, students

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