Acoustic Analysis on the Palatalized Vowels of Modern Mongolian

Sangidkhorloo Bulgantamir

Abstract


In Modern Mongolian the palatalized vowels [ȧ, ɔ̇, ʊ̇] before palatalized consonants are considered as phoneme allophones according to the most scholars. Nevertheless theses palatalized vowels have the distinctive features what could be proved by the minimal pairs and nowadays this question is open and not profoundly studied. The purpose of this work is to determine the acoustic and articulator features of the vowels preceding the palatalized consonants and the corresponding plain vowels of Modern Mongolian, Khalkha dialect. In the introduction, the definitions on the palatalized vowels and the previous traditional, experimental analysis of the palatalized vowels are discussed. Therefore, in the second section we presented the results of comparison of the short palatalized vowels and the corresponding plain vowels: (1) methods of the experimental study, (2) results of the acoustic features of palatalized and plain vowels. In result of this observation the formants, the length and the pitch of the short palatalized vowels differ more or less in comparison with corresponding plain vowels.

Keywords: Mongolian, Khalkha dialect, vowel, palatalized, plain, acoustic 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Boë, L.J. (1972). Introduction à la phonétique acoustique, Grenoble, France: Travaux de l’Institut de Phonétique de Grenoble.

Bulgantamir, S. (2014). Acoustic analysis of vowels, Acta Mongolica, 14 (385), 19-35.

Crystal, D. (2008). A Dictionary of linguistics and phonetics, Singapore, China: Fabulous Printers Pte.

Fant, G. (1970). Acoustic theory of speech production, with calculations based on X-ray studies of Russian articulations. The Hagues, Netherlands: Mouton.

Janhunen, J. (2003) Mongolic languages, New York, Unites States of America: Routledge.

Ladefoged, P. (2004). Phonetic Data Analysis: An Introduction to Fieldwork and Instrumental Techniques, Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing.

Bold, L. (2008). Mongol xelnij delgergui tajlbar tol’, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Bembi san.

Möömöö, S. (1979). Mongol xelnij avia züi, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: National Press.

Möömöö, S. (2009). Xel shinjlelijn onol, xėrėglee, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Admon.

Moosmüller, S. (2006). Some relevant aspects of vowel formant interpretation, Retrieved from https://www.kfs.oeaw.ac.at/publications/MS2006_vowel_formants_GLS65.pdf.

Nadmid, J. (1978). Mongol xelnij örgöltöt üjeijn jerijn bogino egshig, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: National Press.

Poppe, N. (1955). Introduction to Mongolian Comparative Studies, Helsinki, Finland: Suomalais-ugrilainen Seura.

Puthuval, S. (2011). Comparative Phonology of Regional Varieties of Mongolian, Retrieved from: http://courses.washington.edu/lingclas/451/puthuval_draft6.pdf

Sanjaa, J., Nadmid, J. (2008). Mongol xelnij aviazüj ba avialbarzüj, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Press of the University of Education.

Svantesson, J.-O., Tsendina, A., Karlsson, A., Franzén, V. (2005) The phonology of Mongolian, New-York, United States of America: Oxford University Press.

Tömörtseren, J. (1970). Xalxijn ayalguunij egshig avianij tarnaishral, SLL Xel zoxiol sudlal, 4, 143-150.

Tsoloo, J. (1976). Orčin üeijn mongol xėlnii avia züi, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Vandui, E. (1961). Mongolyn utga zoxiolyn xelnij avialbar (phoneme), SLL Xel zoxiol sudlal, III, 6, 3-17.

Vladimircov, B. Ja. (1989). Sravnitel’naja grammatika mongol’skogo pis’mennogo jazyka i xalxaskogo narecija: vvedenie i fonetika, Moscow, Russia: Nauka.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2010-2020 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Language and Literary Studies

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.