The Effectiveness of the Shotloc Training Tool on Basketball Free Throw Performance and Technique

Marion J.L. Alexander, Juliene Hayward-Ellis


Background: Shooting technique in young players is dependent on the correct positioning of the hand on the ball during release. The ShotLoc was designed to produce the optimal hand position on the ball for shooting accuracy and correct release. Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the ShotLoc shooting device in improving the shooting technique of young elite basketball players. Method: Eighty male and female adolescent basketball players recruited from an Elite Player Development Program were videotaped shooting three free throws and then scored on the number of free throw shots made out of thirty.  A number of kinematic shooting variables were measured from the video tape. All participants participated in four 20 minute shooting practice sessions on a once per week basis; the experimental group wore the ShotLoc training tool for all of these practices while the control group practiced normally. All players were then videotaped and scored on the number of free throw shots again. Results:  Statistical analysis of free throw percentage showed a 6.6% increase in those participants who were trained with the ShotLoc, while the control group experienced a .6% decrease in shooting percentage. None of the kinematic variables were found to be significantly different between groups, except wrist flexion that increased in the control group following the intervention. Conclusion: the ShotLoc shooting aid could improve free throw shooting percentage following practice using the device.  

Keywords:  Motion Analysis, Kinematics, Basketball Shooting

Full Text:



Alexander, M. J. L., & Way, D. (2009). Mechanics of the Free Throw in Basketball,. Retrieved from

Booher, D. A. (1990). Elementary free throw shooting- a systematic teaching approach. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance(September), 14-16.

Button, C., MacLeod, M., Sanders, R., & Coleman, S. (2003). Examining movement variability in the basketball free throw action at different skill levels. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74(3), 257-269.

Dartfish, V. A. S. (2010). Dartfish software. Retrieved from

FIBA, I. B. F. (2010). FIBA Official Basketball Rules 2010. San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Haskell, D. M. (1985). When shooting free throws, a player's body and mind must work as one if the shot is to be successful. Athletic Journal, 66(1), 30-31: 54.

Hassard, T. (1991). Understanding Biostatistics. St Louis, MO: Mosby Year Book.

Hoops Innovations Ltd. (2010). ShotLoc...the world's best basketball training tool. Retrieved from

Hudson, J. L. (1985a). Prediction of basketball skill using biomechanical variables. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 56(2), 115-121.

Jump USA. (2010b). Naypalm. Retrieved from

JumpUSA. (2010a). J-Glove. Retrieved from

Meyer, D., & Litzenburger, F. (1974). Make those free throws. Athletic Journal, 55(October), 12-13; 78.

Morley Athletic. (2009). Shooter's Fork. Retrieved from

Tan, A. (1981). Kinematics of the Free Throw in Basketball. American Journal of Physics, 49(6), 542-544.

Tran, C. M., & Silverberg, L. M. (2008). Optimal release conditions for the free throw in men's basketball. Journal of Sport Sciences, 26(11), 1147-1155.

Tsarouchas, E., Kalamaras, K., Giavroglou, A., & Prassas, S. (1988). Biomechanical analysis of free throw shooting in basketball. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports VI, Bozeman, Montana, USA.

Vaughn, R. E. (1993). Intra-individual variability for basketball free throws. Paper presented at the International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports XI, University of Massachussetts, Amherst, MASS.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science

You may require to add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.