Does Teammate Recognition Accuracy Influence Movement Time in Ice Hockey?

Kylie Steel, Sera Dogramaci

Abstract


Background: Biological motion affords the observer a significant amount of relative information that allows the recognition of various features specific to an individual. These include; movement signatures based on locomotion, and gender, in addition to deception and intention. Recent research has also demonstrated it is possible to discriminate teammates from non-teammates when viewing brief (<500msec) video footage of locomotion specific movement signatures. Further, correlations between recognition, familiarity, liking, reaction time, and movement time were present when observing familiar gait types (swimming and running). However it is not known whether these trends are also present for less common forms of gait such as ice-skating. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate if; 1) ice hockey players could recognize teammates vs non-teammates from brief visual displays within sport relevant time and, 2) ice hockey players were influenced by factors such as familiarity and liking when making decisions associated with accuracy and latencies (RT, MT). Methodology: Participants (N=13) were required to determine the affiliation of skaters in a randomised video sequence of 23 skaters by indicating teammate or not using a latency device. The device captured choice accuracy, reaction time (RT) and movement time (MT). They were then asked to complete two ranking tasks based on level of liking for each skater (social liking and pass choice liking). Results: Data analysis demonstrated that MT was significantly (p<0.05) longer when players perceived the skater as a non-teammate, regardless of decision accuracy, however no other analyses were significant. Conclusion: The results suggest that the perception of a less familiar (non-teammate) individual presents a level of hesitation that affects MT. While this is less problematic within existing teams, newly formed representative teams may be more vulnerable to factors of familiarity or liking thus exaggerated MTs and consequently lost scoring affordances.
Keywords: affordances, biomotion, ice hockey, perception, teammates, visual cues


Full Text:

PDF

References


Boyd, J. E., and Little, J. J. (2003). Biometric gait recognition. In M. Tistarelli, J. Bigun, and E. Grosso (Eds.), Advanced studies in bio-metrics: Summer school on biometrics, Alghero, Italy, revised selected lectures and papers (pp. 19–42). Halmstad: Springer.

Davies, D. R., Matthews, G., Stammers, R. B., and Westerman, S. J. (2000). Human performance: Cognition, stress and individual differences. East Essex: Psychology Press.

Dittrich, W. H. (1999). Seeing biological motion: is there a role for cognitive strategies? In A. Braffort, R. Gherbi, S. Gibet, J. Richardson, and D. Teil (Eds.), Gesture-based communication in human-computer interaction. New York: Springer. Pp. 3–22.

Gibson, J. J. (1986). The ecological approach to visual perception. London: LEA.

Johnson, H. M. (2006). Biological motion: A perceptual life detector. Current Biology, 16(10), 376–377. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2006.04.008

Johnson, J. G. (2006). Cognitive modelling of decision making in sports. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 7, 631-652.

Johnson, K. L., and Shiffrar, M. (2013). People watching: Social, perceptual, and neurophysiological studies of body perception. New York: Oxford University Press.

McMorris, T. (2004). Acquisition and performance of sports skills. West Sussex, England: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

Owens, D. A., Antonoff, R. J., and Francis, E. L. (1994). Biological motion and night-time pedestrian conspicuity. Human Factors, 36(4), 718–732.

Sabiene, F., and Minetti, A. E. (2003). Biomechanical and physiological aspects of legged locomotion in humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 88(4-5), 297-3-16.

Sayer, J. R., and Mettford,M. L. (2004). High visibility safety apparel and night-time conspicuity of pedestrians in work zones. Journal of Safety Research, 35(5), 537–546. doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2004.08.007

Steel, K. A., Adams, R. D., Canning, C. G. (2006). Identifying runners as football teammates from 400 msec. video-clips. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 103(1), 901-911. doi: 10.2466/pms.103.3.901-911

Steel, K. A., Adams, R. D., Canning, C. G. (2007). Identifying swimmers as water-polo or swim teammates from visual displays of less than one second. Journal of Sports Sciences. 25(11), 1251-1258. doi: 10.1080/02640410601021721

Steel, K. A., Adams, R. D., Canning, C. G. (2008). Junior football player's classification of runners as their teammates from 400-msec video clips. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 107(1), 317-322. doi: 10.2466/PMS.107.1.317-322

Steel, K. A., Adams, R. D., Canning, C. G., Eisenhuth, J. (2010). The Teammate Identification (TM-ID) test: Effect of participant and situation familiarity on response accuracy and latency. International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching. 5(2), 281-290. doi: 10.1260/1747-9541.5.2.281

Steel, K. A., Adams, R. D., and Canning, C. G. (2012). Liking and response latency in teammate identification: Processing delays below conscious awareness? Perceptual and Motor Skills, 114(2), 519-526. doi: 10.2466/05.07.21.pms.114.2.519-526

Steel, K. A., and Eisenhuth, J. (2013). The teammate identification (TM-ID) test: A portable apparatus for collecting decision latencies for players in team invasion sports. International Journal of Sports Science and Engineering., 6(3), 159-164.

Steel, K. A., Ellem, E., and Baxter, D. (2014). The application of biological motion research: biometrics, sport and the military. Psychological Bulletin and Review. DOI: 10.3758/s13423-014-0659-5, 2014.

Vinciarelli, A., Pantic, M., Bourlard, H. (2009) Social signal processing: Survey of an emerging domain

Image and Vision Computing, 27(12), 1743-1759.

Widmeyer, W. N., and Williams, J. M. (1991). Predicting cohesion in a coacting sport. Small Group Research, 22(4), 548-570. doi: 10.1177/1046496496491224007.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2020 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.