Comparison of Mental Health Components among Athlete and Non-athlete Adolescents

Zeinab Ghiami, Karim Khalaghi, Kim Geok Soh, Samsilah Roslan

Abstract


Background: Adolescence is a period of rapid biological and behavioral changes that may expand the risk of mental health issues. Objective: This study aimed to compare the mental health of male and female athletes and non-athletes among a high school student groups. Methodology: On this base 100 students (50 athletes and 50 non-athletes, Mage = 16 (SD = ±1)) were selected through multi stage random sampling and divided equally into four groups (female athlete / non-athlete, male athlete / non-athlete). General Health Questionnaire designed by Goldberg and Hiller (1979) was used for data collections. Results: The analysis of one-way ANOVA displayed significant differences between the mean scores in mental health among the groups in terms of mental health, F (3, 96) =39, P = .01) with less prevalence of these symptoms among athletes comparing to non-athletes. Conclusion: Increasing opportunities for students to take part in sport competitions can protect them against poor psychological well-being.

Keywords: Mental Health; Depression; Anxiety; Social dysfunction; Somatic


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References


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