Perceived Physical Literacy Scale for Adolescents (PPLSA): Validity and Reliability Study

Aynur Yılmaz, Serkan Kabak


The aim of this study is to adapt the “Perceived Physical Literacy Scale for Adolescents” into Turkish version. The research was designed with the descriptive survey model. Research data were obtained from a total of 585 participants aged between 12 and 19 years. The research was carried out with data obtained from four different study groups in 2019. In the study, language validity was performed with 20, Explanatory Factor Analysis (EFA) 218, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) 300, and reliability (test-retest) analysis with data from 47 participants. AFA and CFA were made to test the construct validity. Pearson Correlation Analysis was used to determine the relationship between factors. For item discrimination, item test correlation and 27% lower-upper group comparison were determined. Convergent and divergent validity analysis were made. Cronbach’s Alpha and test-retest analysis were used within the scope of reliability analysis. As a result of EFA, a structure with 3 factors and 9 items was determined. This structure has been verified by CFA. One-dimensional and three-dimensional models were tested for the scale structure, and it was determined that the fit indices of the 3-dimensional pattern were more significant. A positive significant relationship was found between physical literacy, which is a measured feature in the scale, and its sub-dimensions. Reliability analysis results showed that the measuring tool can measure reliably. Descriptive analysis (mean, standard deviation) showed that the perceived physical literacy scale for adolescents is high in general and in its sub-dimensions. Analyzes conducted within the context of the construct validity of the measuring tool show that the perceived physical literacy scale for adolescents is a valid and reliable instrument that can measure. Measurement tool is important in determining the physical literacy of adolescents. Specialists working in the field of physical education and sports can provide the necessary support with appropriate intervention programs in line with the determinants of the physical literacy of adolescents.


Physical Literacy, Adolescents, Scale Adaptation, Validity, Reliability

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