The Role of Memory in Dyslexia

Sami Ghazzai Alsulami

Abstract


This paper examines what the literature proffers regarding the relationship between dyslexia and memory deficiencies. Dyslexia is a well-known learning disability that has been recognized since the late 1800’s and has grown in notoriety since it was first discovered (Javier, 2015). It is especially notable due to its current prevalence among school aged children as well as adults and because of the detrimental nature that impaired literacy can have on their ability to read, write and excel academically. Discussed here are a history of dyslexia, along with a general exploration of the functions of memory and how it has to do with the processing and output of information within the mind. Two research studies are examined that help draw a direct correlation between a deficit in short-term and working memory with the phonological difficulties suffered by those who experience dyslexia. By better understanding the role of memory in dyslexia, educators may be more efficient at assisting and implementing early intervention for those children who need it.


Keywords


Dyslexia, Short-term Memory

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alloway, T., & Gathercole, S. (2006). Working memory and neurodevelopmental disorders. New York: Psychology Press.

Alves Ferreira de Carvalho, C., de Souza Batista Kida, A., Aparecida Capellini, S., & Brandão de Avila, C. R. (2014). Phonological working memory and reading in students with dyslexia. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1-10.

Anyanwu, E., & Campbell, A. (2001). Childhood emotional experiences leading to piopsychosocially-induced dyslexia and low academic performance in adolescence. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 13(3), 191-203.

Atkinson, R. C., & Shiffrin, R. M. (1968). Human memory: a proposed system and its control processes. In K. W. Spence & J. T. Spence (Eds.), The psychology of learning and motivation (pp. 89-195). New York: Academic Press.

Baddeley, A. (1992). Working memory -- The interface between memory and cognition. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 4(3), 281-288.

Baddeley, A. (2015). MT Press Journals -- Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience --Abstract. Retrieved February 2, 2015, 2015, from http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/jocn.1992.4.3.281#.VNZEN_nF-So

Beneventi, H., Tønnessen, F. E., Hugdahl, K., & Ersland, L. (2010). Working memory deficit in dyslexia: Behavioral and fMRI evidence. International Jounrnal of Neuroscience, 120(1), 51-59.

Berninger, V. W. (2001). Understanding the 'lexia' in dyslexia: A mutlidisciplinary team approach to learning disabilities. Annals of Dyslexia, 5(1), 21-48.

Elftorp, H. (2015). International dyslexia association: Dyslexia research, education & advocacy. Retrieved February 1, 2015, 2015, from http://eida.org/

Fischbach, A., Könen, T., Rietz, C. S., & Hasselhorn, M. (2014). What is not working in working memory of children with literacy disorders? Evidence from a three-year-longitudinal study. Reading and Writing, 20(2), 267-286.

Javier, G. (2015). The evolution of research on dyslexia. Retrieved February 2, 2015, from http://ibgwww.colorado.edu/~gayan/ch1.pdf

LD Online. (2015). Timeline of Learning Disabilities. Retrieved February 1, 2015, from http://www.ldonline.org/article/11244

Miller, G. A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review, 101(2), 343-352.

Ramus, F., Rosen, S., Dakin, S. C., Day, B. L., Castellote, J. M., White, S., & Frith, U. (2003). Theories of developmental dyslexia: Insights from a multiple case study of dyslexic adults. Brain: A Journal of Neurology, 126(4), 841-865.

Tulving, E., & Schacter, D. (1990). Priming and human memory systems. Science, 247(4940), 301-306.

Tunmer, W., & Greaney, K. (2010). Defining dyslexia. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 43(3), 229-243.

UK National Health Service. (2015). Dyslexia -- Treatment. Retrieved February 3, 2015, from http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/dyslexia/pages/treatment.aspx

van Genuchten, E., Cheng, P. C.-H., Leseman, P. P. M., & Messer, M. H. (2015). Missing working memory deficit in dyslexia: Children writing from memory. Retrieved February 3, 2015

Vogel, S. A. (2003). Introduction to the special issues on international perspectives on dyslexia and the international adult literacy survey. Dyslexia, 9(2), 73-74.

The Yale center for dyslexia and creativity. (2015). Retrieved February 2, 2015, 2015, from http://dyslexia.yale.edu/

Youman, M., & Mather, N. (2013). Dyslexia Laws in the U.S. Annals of Dyslexia, 63(2), 133-153.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijels.v.7n.4p.1

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies  

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.