Towards Critique: The Place of Culture in English Language Teaching

Mohammad Almutairi

Abstract


This study explores in a descriptive way the overlapping relation between culture and English-language teaching. It lays out the different points of view and interpretations of linguistic researchers about the hot debate of the importance of introducing culture into ESL/EFL classrooms. While some believe that the current age of globalization needs us to expose our ESL/EFL learners to foreign cultures in their ESL/EFL learning, others disagree and deny the importance of doing so. Some go more radical and consider it as linguistic imperialism that should be excluded. The current study also discusses the opinions and views of researchers on the integration of language teaching and culture with some empirical studies.


Keywords


Language and Culture, ELT, TESOL, Cultural Content

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adaskou, K., Britten, D. and Fahsi, B. (1990). Design decisions on the cultural content of a secondary English course for Morocco. ELT, 44,3-10.

Alptekin, C. (2002). Towards intercultural competence in ELT. ELT, 56, 57-64.

Auerbach, E. (1993). Re-examining English only in the ESL classroom. TESOL Quarterly 27, 1, 9–32.

Bayyurt, Y. (2006). Non-native English language teachers’ perspective on “culture‟ in EFL classrooms. Teacher Development, 10 (2), 233-247.

Byram, M. & Fleming, M. (1998). Language learning in intercultural perspective: Approaches through drama and ethnography. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Byram, M. & Risager, K. (1999). Language teachers, politics, and cultures. Philadelphia. Multilingual Matters.

Canagarajah, A. S. (1999). Resisting linguistic imperialism in English teaching. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Chafe, W. (1972). Discourse structure and human knowledge. In Freedle, R & Carroll, J. (eds), Language Comprehension and the Acquisition of Knowledge (pp. 41–69). Washington, DC: V. H. Winston.

Chomsky, N. (1965). Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press.

Crystal, D. (2003). English as a Global Language. Cambridge University Press.

Duff, P. & Uchida, Y. (1997). The Negotiation of Teachers’ Sociocultural Identities and Practices in Postsecondary EFL Classrooms. TESOL Quarterly, 31, 451-486.

Hinkel, E. (2007) Teaching Intercultural Communication. Retrieved 11 August, 2009 from elihinkel.org

Jenkins, J (2000). The Phonology of English as an International Language. Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2000.

Kachru, Y. (1998a). Culture and speech acts: Evidence from Indian and Singaporean English. Studies in The Linguistic Sciences, 28(1), 79–98.

Kroeber, A., & Kluckhohn, C. (1954). Culture: A critical review of concepts and definitions. New York: Random House.

Lessard-Clouston, M. (1996). ESL vocabulary learning in a TOEFL preparation class: A case study. Canadian Modern Language Review, 53(1), 97-119

McKay, S. (2003a). Teaching English as an international language: the Chilean context. ELT, 57,139 - 148.

Modiano, M. (2001). Linguistic imperialism, cultural integrity and EIL. ELT, 55, 339-346.

Nemni, M. (1992). Mefiez-vous du discours interculturel! Canadian Modern Language Review, 49 (1), 10-36.

Nunan, D. (1992). Research methods in language learning. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Peck, D. 1998. Teaching Culture: Beyond Language. Yale: New Haven Teachers Institute Press.

Phillipson, R. (1992). Linguistic imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Risager, K. (1998). Language teaching and the process of European integration. In Byram, M. & Fleming, M. (Eds.), Language learning in intercultural perspective: Approaches through drama and ethnography (p. 242-254). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Spardley, J. P. (1980). Participant Observation. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Stapleton, P. (2000). Culture’s Role in TEFL: An Attitude Survey in Japan. Language, Culture, and Curriculum. 13: 291,305.

Sridhar, K. (1991). Speech acts in an indigenized variety: Sociocultural values and language variation. In J. Cheshire (ed.), English around the World: Sociolinguistic Perspectives (pp. 308–318). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Street, B. (1993). Culture is a verb: Anthropological aspects of language and cultural process. In D. Graddol, L. Thompson, & M. Byram (Eds.), Language and culture (p. 23-43). Clevedon, Avon: Multilingual Matters and BAAL.

Ting-Toomey, S. and Cocroft, B. (1994). Facework in Japan and the United States. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 18, 469–506.

Tomlinson. B. (1999). Materials Development in Language Teaching. Modern Language Journal, 83(2), 280-281.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.10n.2p.28

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2021 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.