Identity Recognition as a Tragic Flaw in King Lear by William Shakespeare: Application of Hegel’s Master-Slave Dialectic

Malik Haroon Afzal, Mohamad Rashidi Mohd Pakri, Nurul Farhana Low Abdullah

Abstract


According to several theories of recognition it has been established that an individual counts on the feedback of another to seek identity recognition. According to G.W.F. Hegel (1977) the identity of an individual being does not rest solely in himself but in its relationship to other beings. In his opinion, consciousness of a self exists in being acknowledged by another self and true selfhood exists in acknowledging the requirements and rights of the other self. This paper aims at analyzing the identity recognition as a tragic flaw in William Shakespeare’s famous tragedy King Lear in the light of Hegel’s critiques of self and the other. In this context, King Lear’s attainment of true selfhood and self- knowledge is going to be visualized as the consequence of his effort for identity recognition and then undergoing an extreme suffering. The present research aims to explore the process or stages of becoming a victim of identity crisis. The crisis of recognition for the protagonist of the play starts right in the first scene. This paper aims at discussing the identity recognition on the part of King Lear himself and others in the play as a cause of tragedy. By using Hegel’s Master-Slave Dialectic, this paper will open up a new research direction for the Shakespearean scholars.

Keywords


Being for Self, Being for Other, Self-Recognition, Master-Slave Dialectic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Carroll, J. (2012). An evolutionary approach to Shakespeare’s King Lear. In J. Knapp (Ed.), Critical insights: The family (pp. 83-103). Ipswitch, MA: EBSCO.

Gierstae, E. (2015). The relationship between fathers and daughters in Hamlet, Othello, King Lear and The Tempest (Master's thesis, University of Stavanger, Norway).

Hegel, G. W. F. (1977). Phenomenology of spirit (Miller, A. V., & Findlay, J. N. Eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hegel, G.W.F. (2010). The Norton anthology of theory and criticism (Leitch, V. B., & Cain, W. E. Eds.). New York, NY: WW Norton & Company.

Moosavinia, S. R., & Yousefi, T. B. (2018). New Norms of Gender and Emergence of Identity Crisis in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid's Tale. 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature. 24(1), 162-174.

Nadernia, V. (2018). Transrealism: In Pursuit of Social Change and Collective Justice in Huxley's Brave New World. 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature. 24(2), 71-81.

Schafer, R. (2005). Cordelia, Lear, and forgiveness. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 53(2), 389-409.

Şekerci, M. F. (2017). Hegel’s Master-Slave Dialectic and The Relationship between God and Believer. Bilgi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. Vol. 1, 148-160.

Shakespeare, W. (1992). The Complete Works of Shakespeare (David Bevington Ed.). New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

Stern, R. (2012). Is Hegel's master–slave dialectic a refutation of solipsism?. British Journal for the History of Philosophy. 20(2), 333-361.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.9n.3p.37

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2020 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.