Assessment of Chronic Complication and Treatment Outcome Among Indoor Patients of Diabetes Mellitus. An Observational Prospective Study

Dr Joginder Singh Pathania, Dr Kiran Mokta, Dr Ramesh Gulepa, Mr Arnav Mokta, Dr Jatinder Kumar Mokta

Abstract


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is often associated with a myriad of complications as the disease progresses. These cause significant morbidity and mortality among diabetic patients. There is a limited published data in this part of the country regarding the hospitalization patterns of diabetic patients, the reasons for admissions due to development of acute or chronic complications. Objective: To identify the type of diabetes related complications, their prevalence among indoor diabetic patients in a tertiary care hospital. Method: It was an observational - prospective study. Results: Out of Total 589 patients enrolled in the study, 366 (62.2%) patients were having microvascular complications, followed by macrovascular complications in 111(18.8%) patients and both microvascular and macrovascular complications in 60 (10.2%) patients. Conclusion: Most of the patients presented with microvascular complications, neuropathy being commonest. The patients of heart failure constituted a significant number followed by CAD. Most of the patients were having hypertension as an associated disease. The complications, duration of stay in the hospital and mortality was more in the patients having duration of stay more than 10 years.

Keywords


Diabetes mellitus (DM), Macrovascular, Microvascular, Nephropathy, Neuropathy, Retinopathy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.9n.1p.18

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