Methods of Preventing Hospital Acquired Infection

Felor Javadi Bashar

Abstract


Hospital-acquired infections can increase the rate of morbidity and mortality as well as medical costs. Nosocomial infection is spread by various ways such as surgical, intravenous catheters, surface contact (like as hands) and also through the air. Some interventions include appropriate hand and surface decontamination, sufficient staffing, improved ventilator management, usage of coated central venous and urinary catheters have all been linked with considerably lower rate of nosocomial infection. Multiple interventions simultaneously are required for comprehensive infection control and multiple actions may be given better outcome rather than a single action. Some multiple infection control protocols will possibly show more effective result instead of employing a single or few strategies. Several non-pharmacological interventions to prevent HAIs will reduce the requirement for prolonged or multiple-drug antibiotic courses for infected patients. And lower antibiotic usage will decrease risk of antibiotic-resistant organisms and may improve effectiveness of antibiotics therapy to patients with acquired infections.

Keywords


Nosocomial and Hospital Acquired Infection, Infection Control, Hand Washing, Ventilator Associated Pneumonia, Hospital Cleaning, Urinary Tract and Central Venous Line Infection and Isolation

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.7n.3p.13

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