Language in Media: A Tool for Expressing Political Views

Rouhollah Ghassemi, Zahra Hemmatgosha

Abstract


In any society there is a link between social-intellectual (ideological) views and discursive structures in media. Therefore, it is possible to discover this relationship by clarifying appropriate discursive remedies in text analysis and eventually determining how it is and its application. Some journalists are very skillful in literature, their discussion talent and their ability to manipulate the language result in complexity in language form and also in semantic features. Many fundamental factors are involved in production and comprehension of the press texts. The main objective of the current study is to investigate some of these factors such as powers relations in the society and also political and ideological institutions in press texts. Applying a discourse analysis approach and considering news theories, this study tries to analyze French press texts and explore the ways information is transferred to the addressees through word selection. The findings of this study indicate that mass media (and newspapers) are tools for expanding the ideology in the society because, facing the same issue, they take different positions according to their interests. The investigation of how this information is transferred is possible through discourse analysis. We try to show how French express media manipulate public opinion by using different vocabularies.

Keywords


Discourse Analysis, Ideology, Language, Media, Political Issues

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badiei, N. (1980). معیارهای انتخاب خبر. [Criterias for choosing news] Rasaneh 1: 40-45.

Barthes, R. (1991). Eléments de sémiologie. translated by Majid Mohammadi. Mashhad: Al-Hoda.

Bell, A. (1991). The language of News Media. Wiley-Blackwell. Oxford.

Chalaby, J. (1996). « Journalism as an Anglo-American Invention. A comparison of the Development of French and Anglo-American Journalism ». European Journal of Communication. vol.II(3).

Chomsky, N. (2012). Language and thought. translated by Kourosh Safavi Tehran: Hermes.

Cohen, B.C. (1963). The press and foreign policy. Princeton. NJ: Princeton University Press.

Fairclough, N. (2013). Critical Discourse Analysis. New York: Routledge.

Forghani, M.M. (1998). مطالعه زبان رسانه [A study of media’s language]. Rasaneh. no 33.

Forghani, M.M. (2018). راه دراز گذار: تحول گفتمان توسعه سیاسی در ایران [The Long Way of Transition: revolution in Iranian political development discourse]. Tehran: Allameh Tabataba’i University.

Fowler, R. (1991). Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press. London: Routledge.

Gaillard, P. (1980). Technique du journalisme. [in Persian] translated by F. Djelveh. Tehran: Amouzesh Enghelab Eslami.

Gee, J.P. (2008). Social Linguistics and Literacies. London: Routledge.

Lewin, K. (1947). Frontiers in group dynamics II: Channels of group life; social planning and action research. Human Relations.

Modarresi, Y. (2012). Introduction to sociology of language. Tehran: Iranian institute for Human sciences and cultural studies. [Persian]

Novo, E. (2011). Sociologie du journalism. [in Persian] translated by Bahman Jabarouti. Tehran: Souroush.

O’Sulivan, T. (2006). Key concepts in communication. translated by Mir Hassan Reiis Zadeh. Tehran: Fasle No.

Saroukhani, B. (1992). Sociology of information. Etelaat. Tehran.

Tichenor, P. (1972). Gatekeeping : mass media systems and information control. Beverly Hills: Calif.

Trew, T. (1979). Language and Control. London: Routledge.

Wodak, R. (2002). Aspects of Critical Discourse Analysis. In “Zeitschrift für Angewandte Linguistik” 36, p. 5-31.

Yarmohammadi, L. (2010). Communication within Critical ‭Discourse Perspectives Tehran: Hermes. [Persian]‬‬‬.‬‬‬‬‬‬




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.10n.5p.28

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2010-2020 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Language and Literary Studies

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.