Influence of Whole Body Vibration and Specific Warm-ups on Force during an Isometric Mid-Thigh Pull

Vanessa L. Cazás-Moreno, Jacob R. Gdovin, Charles C. Williams, Charles R. Allen, Yang-Chieh Fu, Lee E. Brown, John C. Garner III

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of general and specific warm-up protocols on rate of force development (RFD), relative RFD (rRFD), ground reaction force (GRF) and relative ground reaction force (rGRF) during an isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP), after WBV exposure. Methods: Fifteen healthy recreationally trained males  (age: 24.1 ± 2.3 yrs, height: 72.9 ± 7.8 cm; mass: 86.9 ± 8.3) completed five protocols: baseline, isometric vibration (iVib), isometric no vibration (iNV), dynamic vibration (dVib) and dynamic no vibration (dNV). The baseline was completed without any warm-up prior to the IMTP. The intervention protocols had the same prescription of 4 sets of 30-second bouts of quarter squats (dynamic [DQS] and isometric [IQS]) on the WBV platform with or without vibration. Following a one-minute rest period after each protocol, participants completed three maximal IMTPs. Results: Repeated measures ANOVA with a Bonferroni post hoc demonstrated that RFD in dNV (7657.8 ± 2292.5 N/s) was significantly greater than iVib (7156.4 ± 2170.0 N/s). However, the other experimental trials for RFD demonstrated no significant differences (p>0.05). There were also no significant differences for rRFD, GRF or rGRF between protocols. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that a dynamic warm-up without WBV elicits greater RFD than an isometric warm-up with WBV prior to a maximal isometric exercise. Further research needs to be investigated utilizing dynamic and isometric warm-ups in conjunction with WBV and power output.

Keywords: males, recreationally trained, power 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adams, J. B., Edwards, D., Serravite, D. H., Bedient, A. M., Huntsman, E., Jacobs, K. A., . . . Signorile, J. F. (2009). Optimal frequency, displacement, duration, and recovery patterns to maximize power output following acute whole-body vibration. J Strength Cond Res, 23(1), 237-245.

Alikhajeh, Y., Ramezanpour, M. R., & Moghaddam, A. (2011). The Effect of Different Warm-up Protocols on young Soccer Players’ sprint. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 1588-1592.

Anderson, P., Landers, G., & Wallman, K. (2014). Effect of warm-up on intermittent sprint performance. Res Sports Med, 22(1), 88-99.

Berning, J. M., Adams, K. J., DeBeliso, M., Sevene-Adams, P. G., Harris, C., & Stamford, B. A. (2010). Effect of functional isometric squats on vertical jump in trained and untrained men. J Strength Cond Res, 24(9), 2285-2289.

Bush, J. A., Blog, G. L., Kang, J., Faigenbaum, A. D., & Ratamess, N. A. (2015). Effects of quadriceps strength after static and dynamic whole-body vibration exercise. J Strength Cond Res, 29(5), 1367-1377.

Cardinale, M., & Bosco, C. (2003). The use of vibration as an exercise intervention. Exercise and sport sciences reviews, 31(1), 3-7.

Cazas, V. L., Brown, L. E., Coburn, J. W., Galpin, A. J., Tufano, J. J., Laporta, J. W., & Du Bois, A. M. (2013). Influence of rest intervals after assisted jumping on bodyweight vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res, 27(1), 64-68.

Chmielewska, D., Piecha, M., Blaszczak, E., Krol, P., Smykla, A., & Juras, G. (2014). The effect of a single session of whole-body vibration training in recreationally active men on the excitability of the central and peripheral nervous system. J Hum Kinet, 41, 89-98.

Christensen, B. K., & Nordstrom, B. J. (2008). The effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation and dynamic stretching techniques on vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res, 22(6), 1826-1831.

Cilli, M., Gelen, E., Yildiz, S., Saglam, T., & Camur, M. (2014). Acute effects of a resisted dynamic warm-up protocol on jumping performance. Biol Sport, 31(4), 277-282.

Comfort, P., Allen, M., & Graham-Smith, P. (2011). Comparisons of peak ground reaction force and rate of force development during variations of the power clean. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(5), 1235-1239.

Comfort, P., Jones, P. A., McMahon, J. J., & Newton, R. (2015). Effect of knee and trunk angle on kinetic variables during the isometric midthigh pull: test-retest reliability. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 10(1), 58-63.

Cormie, P., Deane, R. S., Triplett, N. T., & McBride, J. M. (2006). Acute effects of whole-body vibration on muscle activity, strength, and power. J Strength Cond Res, 20(2), 257-261.

Dabbs, N.C., Brown, L. E., Coburn, J. W., Lynn, S. K., Biagini, M. S., & Tran, T. T. (2010). Effect of whole-body vibration warm-up on bat speed in women softball players. J Strength Cond Res, 24(9), 2296-2299.

Dabbs, N.C., Munoz, C. X., Tran, T. T., Brown, L. E., & Bottaro, M. (2011). Effect of different rest intervals after whole-body vibration on vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res, 25(3), 662-667.

Dabbs, N.C., Tran, T. T., Garner, J. C., & Brown, L. E. (2012). A brief review: Using whole-body vibration to increase acute power and vertical jump performance. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 34(5), 78-84.

Dallas, G., Kirialanis, P., & Mellos, V. (2014). The acute effect of whole body vibration training on flexibility and explosive strength of young gymnasts. Biol Sport, 31(3), 233-237.

Frantz, T.L., & Ruiz, M. D. (2011). Effects of dynamic warm-up on lower body explosiveness among collegiate baseball players. J Strength Cond Res, 25(11), 2985-2990.

García-López, D., Garatachea, N., Marín, P. J., Martín, T., & Herrero, A. J. (2012). Acute effects of whole-body vibrations on balance, maximal force and perceived exertion: Vertical platform versus oscillating platform. European Journal of Sport Science, 12(5), 425-430.

Garner, J. C., Blackburn, T., Weimar, W., & Campbell, B. (2008). Comparison of electromyographic activity during eccentrically versus concentrically loaded isometric contractions. J Electromyogr Kinesiol, 18(3), 466-471.

Gerakaki, M. Ε., Evangelidis, P. Ε., Tziortzis, S., & Paradisis, G. P. (2013). Acute effects of dynamic whole body vibration in well trained track & field sprinters. J Phys Ed Sport, 13(3), 270-277.

Haff, G. G., Carlock, J. M., Hartman, M. J., Kilgore, J. L., Kawamori, N., Jackson, J. R., Stone, M. H. (2005). Force-time curve characteristics of dynamic and isometric muscle actions of elite women olympic weightlifters. J Strength Cond Res, 19(4), 741-748.

Haff, G. G., Ruben, R. P., Lider, J., Twine, C., & Cormie, P. (2015). A comparison of methods for determining the rate of force development during isometric midthigh clean pulls. J Strength Cond Res, 29(2), 386-395.

Hamada, T., Sale, D. G., MacDougall, J. D., & Tarnopolsky, M. A. (2000). Postactivation potentiation, fiber type, and twitch contraction time in human knee extensor muscles. J Appl Physiol (1985), 88(6), 2131-2137.

Holt, B. W., & Lambourne, K. (2008). The impact of different warm-up protocols on vertical jump performance in male collegiate athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 22(1), 226-229.

Kawamori, N., Rossi, S. J., Justice, B. D., Haff, E. E., Pistilli, E. E., O'BRYANT, H. S., Haff, G. G. (2006). Peak force and rate of force development during isometric and dynamic mid-thigh clean pulls performed at various intensities. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 20(3), 483-491.

Khamoui, A. V., Brown, L. E., Nguyen, D., Uribe, B. P., Coburn, J. W., Noffal, G. J., & Tran, T. (2011). Relationship between force-time and velocity-time characteristics of dynamic and isometric muscle actions. J Strength Cond Res, 25(1), 198-204.

Kurt, C., Toksoz, I., & Dindar, M. D. (2014). The effects of two different whole-body vibration frequencies on isometric strength, anaerobic performance, and rating of perceived exertion. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 14(2), 306.

Lamont, H. S., Cramer, J. T., Bemben, D. A., Shehab, R. L., Anderson, M. A., & Bemben, M. G. (2010). Effects of adding whole body vibration to squat training on isometric force/time characteristics. J Strength Cond Res, 24(1), 171-183.

Lowery, R. P., Duncan, N. M., Loenneke, J. P., Sikorski, E. M., Naimo, M. A., Brown, L. E., Wilson, J. M. (2012). The effects of potentiating stimuli intensity under varying rest periods on vertical jump performance and power. J Strength Cond Res, 26(12), 3320-3325.

Marin, P. J., Ferrero, C. M., Menendez, H., Martin, J., & Herrero, A. J. (2013). Effects of whole-body vibration on muscle architecture, muscle strength, and balance in stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 92(10), 881-888.

Reiman, M. P., Peintner, A. M., Boehner, A. L., Cameron, C. N., Murphy, J. R., & Carter, J. W. (2010). Effects of dynamic warm-up with and without a weighted vest on lower extremity power performance of high school male athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24(12), 3387-3395.

Ribeiro, A. S., Romanzini, M., Schoenfeld, B. J., Souza, M. F., Avelar, A., & Cyrino, E. S. (2014). Effect of different warm-up procedures on the performance of resistance training exercises. Percept Mot Skills, 119(1), 133-145.

Rittweger, J., Beller, G., & Felsenberg, D. (2000). Acute physiological effects of exhaustive whole-body vibration exercise in man. Clin Physiol, 20(2), 134-142.

Ritzmann, R., Kramer, A., Gollhofer, A., & Taube, W. (2013). The effect of whole body vibration on the H-reflex, the stretch reflex, and the short-latency response during hopping. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 23(3), 331-339.

Ronnestad, B. R., Holden, G., Samnoy, L. E., & Paulsen, G. (2012). Acute effect of whole-body vibration on power, one-repetition maximum, and muscle activation in power lifters. J Strength Cond Res, 26(2), 531-539.

Thompsen, A. G., Kackley, T., Palumbo, M. A., & Faigenbaum, A. D. (2007). Acute effects of different warm-up protocols with and without a weighted vest on jumping performance in athletic women. J Strength Cond Res, 21(1), 52-56.

Thompson, P. D., Arena, R., Riebe, D., Pescatello, L. S., & American College of Sports, M. (2013). ACSM's new preparticipation health screening recommendations from ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription, ninth edition. Curr Sports Med Rep, 12(4), 215-217.

Turner, A. P., Sanderson, M. F., & Attwood, L. A. (2011). The acute effect of different frequencies of whole-body vibration on countermovement jump performance. J Strength Cond Res, 25(6), 1592-1597.

West, D. J., Owen, N. J., Jones, M. R., Bracken, R. M., Cook, C. J., Cunningham, D. J., Crewther, B. T. (2011). Relationships between force–time characteristics of the isometric midthigh pull and dynamic performance in professional rugby league players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(11), 3070-3075.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.