English Language Teaching to Young Learners: Possible Pitfalls after Lowering the Age of Compulsory English in Pakistan

Muhammad Saboor Hussain, Aisha Farid

Abstract


The young learners have an inbuilt and inborn capacity of absorbing the language inputs. With the growing age, their absorbing capacity reduces though it gets compensated by experience. The adult age can bring wisdom and knowledge but for acquisition, improvement and development of the skills, particularly the language skills, prime time is the young age. There has been a growing awareness about this in Pakistan where, in recent years, a major shift has taken place i.e., starting compulsory English from class-1 in all private and Government schools instead of class 6th which had been the earlier practice since the independence of the country in 1947. There are many associated complex issues surrounding this new scenario which have emerged due to this major shift and need to be explored, meditated and researched from all the possible dimensions in order to enhance the advantages of the changed paradigm, reduce the risks to the bare minimum and train and fine tune the teachers and the schools to cope with this change in a professional and effective manner.


Keywords


ELT to young learners, lowering the age of compulsory English, possible pitfalls, language acquisition, language learning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cameron, L. (2001). Teaching Languages to Young Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ellis, R. (1994). The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fodor, J. A., & T. G. Bever, &. M. (1975). The Psychology of Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics and Generative Grammar. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Government's education Reforms & Strategy: Pakistan Development Forum. (2005, April 25). Retrieved January 17-1-2010, 2010, from Education Minister's Presentation at NDC: www.moe.gov.pk/NDC-%205-Feb-05byEMfinal.ppt

Herbert Ginsburg, A. S. (1969). Piaget's theory of intellectual development. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: 013493017X 013493007X (pbk.) Prentice-Hall.

Lutteral, A. (2009, Ocober 14). How We Learn Languages: Noam Chomsky's Approach to Language Acquisition. Retrieved January 17, 2010, fromSuite101.com: http://languagestudy.suite101.com/article.cfm/how_we_learn_language

Mustafa, Z. (2009, September 2). The Language Enigma. Retrieved January 17, 2010, from dawn.com: http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/news/pakistan/16-the-language-enigma-hs-02

Nunan, D. C. (1999). Does younger = better? TESOL Matters, 9(3) , 3.

Piaget, J. (1950). The psychology of intelligence. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Spada, L. a. (1993). How Languages are Learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.2n.3p.95

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2020 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.