How Should an Effective Performance Appraisal Be: EFL Teachers’ Perspective

Holi Ibrahim Holi Ali


This study is set to examine EFL teachers’ perceptions, views about what makes an effective performance appraisal system by adopting a quantitative survey design for data collection. A total number of 45 college instructors in the Sultanate of Oman responded to survey on: how is an effective performance appraisal perceived by EFL teachers? How do teachers perceive their participation in developing the appraisal system? And how might the present performance appraisal practices be improved? The result reveals that staff participation in developing performance appraisal system and goals, feedback confidentiality, quality appraiser, quality of place and time of appraisal, appraiser-appraisee relationships, and developmental nature of performance appraisal would help in making effective appraisal and the overall PA effectiveness depends mostly on these factors. The result has a significant implication for improving the process of teacher performance appraisal in Oman and enriches the body knowledge of PA in general. The study puts forwards suggestions and recommendations for improving PA practices and exercises in EFL contexts.



Effective Performance appraisal, FL teachers' perceptions, critical errors in performance appraisal, Colleges instructors in the Sultanate of Oman

Full Text:



Ahmed, A. et al. (2010). Performance appraisals impact on attitudinal impact on attitudinal outcomes & organizational performance, International Journal of Business & Management, Vol. 5, No.10, pp.62-68.Retrived from http:// on 9 December 2011.

Anderson, G.C. & Barnett, J. (1993). Characteristics of effective appraisal interview, personal review, Vol. 16, No 4, pp.18-25. Asghar, S. A. (1998). Staff Appraisal in Education: Perceptions & practices across cultures, Vol. 4, No 1 Autumn, pp.47-65.

Boachie-Mensah, F.O. et al (2012). Employees' perception of performance appraisal system: A case study, International Journal of Business & Management, Vol., No.2, pp.73-88.

Bartlett, S. (2006). Teacher perceptions of the purposes of staff appraisal: a response to Kyriacou. Teacher development Journal, Vol. 2: 3, 479-491

Chow, et al. (2002). Teachers' perceptions of appraiser-appraisee relationship. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education Vol. 16: (2). 85-101. Groeschl, S. (2003). Cultural Implications for appraisal process, Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, Vol. 10, No, 1, pp.67-79.

Headfiled, S. (2007) .Appraisals do not work-what does? The journal for Quality Participation.

James, R. (1995). In search of staff development: a study of academic staff appraisal, Journal of Higher Education & Research Development, vol.14, No 2, pp.185-199.Retrived from on 10 December 2011 on 14 March 2012.

Kelly, K.O et al. (2008). Teacher appraisal & its outcomes in Singapore Primary Schools, Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 46, No, 1, pp.39-54. Martin, C.D, & Bartol, M.K. (1998). Performance appraisal: Maintaining system effectiveness, Journal of Public Personnel Management, Vol. 27, No 2 Summer, pp.223-230.

Murphy, J. (2012). Faculty members' perceptions of effective appraisal in Oman: the balance between accountability & development, the proceedings of Oman Quality Regional Conference 20-21 February 2012, ''Quality Management & Enhancement in Higher Education", Oman, Muscat.

Odhiambo, O.G. (2005). Teacher appraisal: the experiences of Kenyan secondary school teachers. Journal of Educational Administration, Vol.43 (No.4), 402 - 416.

Piggott-Irvine, E. (2003).Key Features of Appraisal Effectiveness, the International Journal of Educational Management, Vol.17, No6, pp.254-261 (8).

Prowse, P & Prowse, J. (2009).The dilemma of performance appraisal, Journal of Measuring Business Excellence, Vol. 13 No 4, pp.69-77.Retrived from on 10 May 2012.

Rees, W.D., & Porter, C. (2003). Appraisal pitfalls & training implications, part 1 Industrial & Commercial Training Journal, Vol.35, No, 7, pp.280-284.

Smith, H. M. (2003). Empower staff with praiseworthy appraisals, Journal of Nursing Management, January. Retrieved from http://www.nursing on 23 June 2012.

Soares, A & Lock, R. (2007). Pre-service science teachers' perceptions of writte lesson appraisals: The impact of styles of mentoring, European Journal of Teachers Education, Vol. 30, No.30, No 1, pp.75-90.Retrived from on 14 April 2012.

Salih, A. A. (2012). Student feedback or 'student hit back': in research of quality feedback for quality teaching. The proceedings of Oman International ELT Conference 2012.

Turk, K. & Roolaht, T. (2007). Appraisal and compensation of the academic staff in Estonian public & private universities: a comparative analysis, TRAMES Journal, Vol. 11 (61/56), 2, pp.206-222.

Turk, K. & Roolaht, T. (n.d.). Performance appraisal and compensation in Estonian Universities: Does system in public & private universities differ?

To, T. (2007). Quality performance appraisal for staff, the proceedings of International Conference of the Academic Liberian: Dinosaur or Phoenix? Die or Fly in Library Change Management, University Library System, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, April 11-12, pp.312-319.

Ubeda, C.L., & Santons, C.A. (2007). Staff development & performance appraisal in a Brazilian Research Centers, European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol.10, N0, 1, pp.109-125.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2022 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.