Interference of Phonological Aspects of Emphatic Consonant Sounds from Arabic into English Consonant Sounds for Sudanese University Students of English

Osman Alteyp Alwasila Alteyp

Abstract


This study investigates why SUSE substitue the English consonant sounds /t/, /d/, /s/, /z /and /ð/ by the emphatic Arabic sounds /s/, /t/, /d/, and /ð/ in English words. The sample of this study is a group of Sudanese university students majoring in English. The first data collection tool is a test. This test contains a sample of words that contain the problematic sounds; these words have been observed to contain /ʌ/, /ə/ and /ɒ/. The second CAH is used to compare the articulation of the problematic sounds in both languages in addition to the emphatic sounds in Arabic. The most important results are as follows. First, some distinctive features of the English vowel sounds are shared by distinctive features of the emphatic Arabic sounds. Second, because of their absence in Arabic, the English vowels /ʌ/, /ə/ and /ɒ/ regressively and progressively influence the English sounds /t/, /d/, /s/, /z/ and /ð/ and change their quality to the emphatic Arabic sounds) /s/, /t/, /d/, and /ð/).

Keywords


Sudnaese Unviresity Sudents of English, Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis, Interference, Consonant Sounds of English

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Ani, S.H. (1970). Arabic phonology: An accoustical and physiological investigation. Hague: Mouton.

Altaha, F.M. (1995). Pronunciation errors made by Saudi University students learning English. ITL - International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 109-110(1), pp. 110-123.

Avery, P. and Ehrlich, S. (1992). Teaching American english pronunciation. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Brinton, L.J. (2000). The structure of modern english: A linguistic introduction. Amsterdam, NL: John Benjamins Pub.

Cook, V.J. (1992). Evidence for multicompetence. Language Learning, 42(4), pp. 557-591.

Dulay, H.C., Burt, M.K. and Krashen, S.D. (1982). Language two. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Elmahdi, O.E.H. and Khan, W.A. (2015). The pronunciation problems faced by Saudi EFL learners at secondary schools. Education and Linguistics Research, 1(2), pp. 85-99.

Huthaily, K. (2003). Contrastive phonological analysis of Arabic and English. Dissertations, & Professional Papers 8110. Graduate Student Theses, The University of Montana.

Lado, R. (1957). Linguistics across cultures: Applied linguistics for language teachers. CSU, Chico: University of Michigan Press.

Lehn, W. (1963). Emphasis in Cairo Arabic. Language, 39(1), pp. 29-39.

Norlin, K. (1987). A phonetic study of emphasis and vowels in Egyptian Arabic. Working Papers 30. Lund University, The Department of Linguistics.

Ringbom, H. (1994). Contrastive analysis. In: R. Asher and J. Simson, eds. The encyclopedia of language and linguistics. Oxford: Pergamon Press, pp. 737-742.

Vizental, A. (2008). Phonetics and phonology: An introduction. Arad: Editura Universitatii "Aurel Vlaicu" Bibliogr.

Sibawayh, X. (1898). Kitab Sibawayh. Baghdad: Al-Muthanna Library. (Original work undated).

Yarmohammadi, L. (1995). Fifteen articles in contrastive linguistics and the structure of Persian. Tehran: Rhnama Publication.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.8n.5p.10

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2020 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.