The Incidental Acquisition of English Nominal Structures by a Young EFL Learner under Comprehension-based Lessons

Muhlisin Rasuki


This paper reports incidental acquisition of English nominal structures by a young EFL learner under comprehension-based lessons. The learner was exposed to a series of English sentences containing the target structures through listen-and-do activities. These activities required that the learner select different items based on the instructions given by the researcher. The exposure took place between 40 and 60 minutes in total spread over 3 days. In the fourth day, the learner was asked to give instructions (in English) to the researcher to select particular items. The learner’s task performance was then transcribed and analyzed using complexity and accuracy measures. The results indicated that comprehension-based lessons were effective in facilitating incidental acquisition the target structures for the learner.



Second/foreign language (L2) learning, L2 acquisition, young L2 learner, English as a foreign language (EFL), comprehension-based lessons, task-based instruction

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