The Majesty of Human Effort in Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea

Sabah Abdul Hameed Shakury

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to discuss the effort of the leading character of Heminway’s The Old Man and the Sea, as an example of human effort, in a context which shows his sense of isolation in the society. Santiago’s awareness of his individual role in the universe permits him more authentic effort. The major task of the researcher is to discuss Santiago’s consistent effort to restore his character and thereby renew his life and be once again part of the community. The researcher’s interest is to show which goal Santiago tries to achieve: pride or endurance?

 


Keywords


Santiago, majesty, pride, endurance, defeat, triumph, marlin

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baker, C. (1973). Hemingway: The Writer as Artist. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton Univ. Press.

Burhans Jr., Clinton S. (1999). “The Old Man and the Sea: Hemingway’s Tragic Vision of Man.” Bloom’s Modern Critical Interpretations: The Old Man & The Sea. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publications.

Damashek, R. (2010). The Old Man and the Sea. Ipswich: Salem Press.

Donaldson, S. (1978). By Force of Will: The Life and Art of Ernest Hemingway. New York: Penguin.

Hemingway, E. (2002). The Old Man and the Sea. Beirut: Typo press.

Price, D. (1983). Santiago, The Fisherman-Artist: Autobiography and Aesthetics in “The Old Man and the Sea.” Oklahoma: Oklahoma State University.

Schorer, M. (1952). With Grace Under Pressure. New Republic, 6(1), 19-20. Print.

Young, P. (1966). Ernest Hemingway: A Reconsideration. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP.

Weeks, R. P. (1957). Hemingway and the Uses of Isolation. University of Kansas XXXIV (119-125). Print.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.6n.1p.35

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2022 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.