Defying the Dominant Masculine Identity in D. H. Lawrence’s Novel The Rainbow

Angelina Subrayan, Wan Roselezam Wan Yahya

Abstract


The active contributions to studies on men and masculinity that comprise a wide scope of cultures support the notion that significant social organisations legitimise the domination of men over women. Men’s dominance over women is ideologically sanctioned in some cultures. However, not all men observe this nature of masculinity as there are some who dispute the dominant type of masculinity by inculcating alternative masculinities which are subordinate in nature. Nevertheless, most men place themselves fittingly in unavoidable circumstances especially in gendered relationships. In this study, there are instances in D.H. Lawrence’s novel, The Rainbow that show how one of the male protagonists rebels against the social convention that advocates stereotyped masculine norm. The purpose of this study is to explicate the male protagonist’s portrayal of subordinate masculinity that flouts the social expectations during the industrial British era. This study applies the concept of Wetherell and Edley to explicate the features associated with subordinate masculinity in a gendered relationship. The fundamental findings reveal that the male protagonist negotiates his dominant masculinity to allow improved relationship with his spouse.

 


Keywords


Masculinity, Dominant, Subordinate, Defying, Gendered relationship

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ben-Ephraim, G. (1981). The Moon's Dominion: Narrative Dichotomy and Female Dominance in Lawrence's Earlier Novels.” Ed. Rutherford [N.J.]: London: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Ben-Ephraim, G. (1981). The Moon's Dominion: Narrative Dichotomy and Female Dominance in Lawrence's Earlier Novels. Ed. Rutherford [N.J.]: London: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Carter, Ph. (2001). Men and the Emergence of Polite Society, Britain 1660-1800. London: Longman, 2001. Print.

Johnson, A. G. (2005). The Gender Knot: Unraveling Our Patriarchal Legacy. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2005. Print.

Lawrence, D H, and Bruce, S. (1985). Study of Thomas Hardy and Other Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

---, The Rainbow. (1915). Harmondsworth: Penguin.

---, (1971). Fantasia of the Unconscious and Psychoanalysis and the Unconscious. Great Britain: Penguin Books.

Philip C. (2001). Men and the Emergence of Polite Society, Britain 1660-1800. London: Longman, 2001. Print.

Tosh, J. (1999). A Man’s Place: Masculinity and the Middle Class Home in Victorian Britain. Harlow, London and New York: Pearson Longman.

Wetherell, M., and Edley, N. (1999). Negotiating Hegemonic Masculinity: Imaginary Positions and Psycho-Discursive Practices. Feminism & Psychology, 9(3), 335-356. Print.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.5n.5p.179

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2020 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.