Critical Discourse Analysis: A Scrupulous Look at Invisible Man in Terms of Bakhtin’s Point of View

Shirin Pourebrahim, Mozhgan Eyvazi, Saba Mirzaee


The linguistic study of African-American literary texts opens up a wide area of research. Due to this fact this research tries to establish a connection between two areas of study. The first one is Critical Discourse Analysis and the second one focuses on Bakhtin’s ideas of novel. This study applies transitivity as a tool of Critical Discourse Analysis in order to examine the ideologies of a racial society adopted in Invisible Man. In addition, what is highlighted in this novel is the presence of the author who tries to make a new ideology. Here a new dialogue emerges and this is a key to establish a connection between the two areas of study. This novel, according to Bakhtin is neither homophonic nor polyphonic. A new kind of novel develops which the researcher calls it a novel of dialogic ideology.



CDA, Transitivity analysis, Experiential meta-function, Process, Participant, Polyphony, Carnival

Full Text:



Bakhtin, M. M. (1984). Problems of Dostoyevsky’s art. University of Minnesota Press.

Bakhtin, M. M. (1981). Discover in the novel: The dialogic imagination; four essays by M. M. Bakhtin. Austin: University of Texas.

Ellison, R. (1980). Invisible Man. NewYork: A Division of Random House Ink.

Evans, M. (2013). The author and the princess- an example of critical discourse analysis. Retrieved from www. Language in

Halliday, M. A. K. (1970). Functional diversity in language as seem from a consideration of modality and mood in English. International Journal of Language and Philosophy. 6.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1994). Introduction to functional grammar. London: Arnold.

Halliday, M. A. K. (2003). On the 'Architecture' of human language. On Language and Linguistics, 3.

Thompson, J. B. (2004). Introducing functional grammar. Great Britain: Arnold.

Van dijk, T.A. (1998). Critical discourse analysis.

Van dijk , T.A. (1998). Towards a theory of context and experience models in discourse processing. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2022 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.