Black Feminism: What Women of Color Went Through in Toni Morrison’s Selected Novels

Ayda Rahmani

Abstract


This article examines two of Toni Morrison’s novels, The Bluest Eye and Beloved in the lights of black feminism, racism, realism and naturalism. It is an attempt to reflect the powerlessness, inhumanity, and pains that women of color went through.  By using a feminist racist and naturalist filter,  a descriptive-analytical method of study and by analyzing the situations, the characters and themes, the status of women of color  in Literature based on Morrison’s selected  novels are revealed and represented. Morrison very well describes how different women characters react and respond differently to the injustice and the inhumanity imposed on them through for example the contrasting nature of Sethe in Beloved and Pauline in The Bluest Eye. She depicts the bravery and courage in Sethe , the self-absorbedness in Pauline and the passiveness in Pecola all of which raise powerful questions regarding black-women’s self-identity, self-concept, and  struggles to achieve freedom as a living being if not a human being: a path which will deepen our understanding of  women issues in general. The researcher believes that a womanish and racist study of the selected novels would contribute to broaden our views of humanity. The researcher selected women of color because she thinks the sorrows of black women, and the pains and toils they went through have always been deeper than those of the white ones.

 


Keywords


Feminism, Naturalism, Racism, Postmodernism, Sexism, Scapegoat

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bell, B. W. (1987). The Afro-American Novel and Its Tradition, USA: The University of Massachusette Press.

Bloom, L.R. (1998), Under the Sign of Hope. Paperback.

Collins, H. (2008). Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. Routledge.

Davis, A. (1983). Women, Race, & Class. Paperback.

De Beauvoir, Simon, (1974), The Second Sex. Trans. H.M. Parshley. New York. Vintage.

Fridan. B. (1963), The Feminin Mystique. Contemporary Introduction. New York: W.W Norton.

Haghighi, M. (1993).Literary Schools for University Students. Ava Noor Publication, Tehran.

Hooks, B. (1984). Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center. South End Press. South End Press.

Hooks , B. (1999). Ain't I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism. Paperback.

Kurjekar, U. (2008). Mother Daughter in Fasting and Feasting and Difficult Daughters. Sarup & Sons, New Delhi.

Levy, A. (2005). Female Chauvinist Pigs: Women and the Rise of Raunch Culture. Free Press.

Mitchel, J. (1974). Feminity, Narrative and Psychoanalysis. David Lodge, Longman London and New York.

More, Sh. (2008). Githa Hariharan’s The Thousand Faces of Night: A Silent Quest for Identity. Sarup & Sons , New Delhi.

Morrison, T. (1992).Race-ing Justice, En-Gendering Power: Essays on Anita Hill, Clarence Thomas, and the Construction of Social Reality. Pantheon.

Morrison. T. (1993). Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination. Vintage.

Morrison, T. (2000). The Bluest Eye. New York, Plum.

Morrison, T. (2004). Beloved . New York,Vintage.

Schapiro, B. (2011). The Bonds of Love and Boundaries of Self in Toni Morrison’s “Beloved”, University of Wisconsin, Faculty Publications.

Wolf, N. (1990). The Beauty Myth. William Morrow and Company.

Woolf, V. (1929). A Room of One’s Own. America, The Forum.

Wollstonecraft, M. (1792). A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: With Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects.Seven Treasures Publications.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.4n.3p.61

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2020 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.