Place-Based Education: Does it Improve 21st Century Skills?

Khalil Motallebzadeh, Zahra Kafi

Abstract


The present study aimed at investigating the possible significant effects of project-based instruction on the improvement of Iranian intermediate EFL learners’ awareness of 21st century skills. To this end, the sample population was selected from Iranian intermediate learners studying at Zabansara Language School, Mashhad, Iran. Therefore, 50 male and female students were assigned randomly to experimental and control groups, 25 in each. For collecting the quantitative data for the study, a 21st century awareness inventory was employed to function as the pre and post-tests during the study with the aim of eliciting the learners’ awareness of the aforementioned skills. Besides, a structured interview was applied within the participants of the experimental group to gather the required qualitative data by the time the treatment and the post-test were done. Regarding the treatment, a more real life class project was employed by the researchers containing some of the aims and principles of Place-Based Education, the model of the present study. Results showed that students in the experimental group could perform much better than learners in the control group after the treatment on the post-test.

 


Keywords


Place-based education, 21stcentury skills

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmadi, Birjandi, Maftoon, et al. (2013). The relationship between project-based instruction and motivation: A study of EFL learners in Iran.

Andrew, J.P., Derocco, E.S., & Taylor, A. (2009). The innovation imperative in manufacturing: How the United States can restore its edge. Boston: Boston Consulting Group, Inc.

Ashraf, H., Motallebzadeh,Kh., & Arabshahi, S. M. (2014). On the design, validation, and reliability of the 21st century skills questionnaire in an EFL context. In press.

Barron, B., Darling-Hammond, L., & Pearson, P. D., et al. (2008). Powerful learning: What we know about teaching for understanding. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Brewster, C., & Fager, J. (2000). Increasing student engagement and motivation: From time-on-task to homework. Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.

Chard, S.C., & Katz, L.G. (1989). Issues in selecting topics for projects. Champaign, IL: ERIC Clearing house on Elementary and Early Childhood Education.

Dewey, J. (1897). My pedagogical creed. School Journal, 54, 77–80.

Dickinson, K.P., Soukamneuth, S., Yu, H.C., Kimball, M., D’Amico, R., Perry, R., et al. (1998). Providing Educational Services in the Summer Youth Employment and Training Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Policy & Research.

Education Connection. (2013). 21 center for 21st century skills.

Fallahchai, R. (2012). Effectiveness of academic and life skills instruction on the freshmen academic achievement. Journal of Life Science and Biomedicine, 2(4),137-141.

Frazel, M. (2010). Digital storytelling guide for educators. Washington DC: International Society for Technology in Education.

Gallup. (2013). 21st century skills and the workplace, 1-19.

Heick, T. (2013). Three types of project-based learning symbolize its evolution. TeachTought.

Kafi, Z., & Motallebzadeh, Kh. (2014). A flipped classroom: Project-based instruction and 21st century skills. International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistics World, 6(4),35-46.

Lammers, W. P. (2012). Digital storytelling: Building 21st century literacy skills in the secondary classroom, 1-36.

Martin, N., & Baker, A. (2000). Linking work and learning toolkit. Portland, OR: work systems, inc., & Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.

Partnership for 21st Century Skill learning.(2009). Retrieved from http://www.21stcenturyskills.org

Pearson. (2013). Empowering 21st century learners with results that matter. Pearson Education, Inc.

Qu, W., & Yang, S. (2010). A peer and self-assessment project implemented in practical group work. Journal of Language Teaching Research, 1(6),776-781.

Railsback, J. (2002). Project-Based Instruction: Creating Excitement for learning. North West Regional Educational Laboratory.

Rogers, P. (2002). Designing instruction for technology-enhanced learning. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing.

Soh, T. M. T., Osman, K., & Arsad, N. M. (2012). M-21CSI: A validated 21st century skills instrument for secondary science students. Asian Social Science, 8(16), 38-44.

Suto, I. (2013). 21st century skills: Ancient, ubiquitous, enigmatic?. Research Matters: A Cambridge Assessment Publication.

Tech4Learning. (2009). Creating 21st century classrooms. Tech4Learning, Inc.

Thomas, J.W. (1998). Project-Based Learning Overview. Novato, CA: Buck Institute for Education.

Thomas, J. W. (2000). A review of research on project-based learning. The Autodesk Foundation, San Rafael, CA.

Zohar, A., & Schwartzer, N. (2005). Assessing 'teachers' pedagogical knowledge in the context of teaching higher-order thinking. International Journal of Science Education, 27(13), 1595-1620.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.4n.1p.89

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2017 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.