Incorporating Pragmatics in English Language Teaching: To What Extent Do EFL Course Books Address Speech Acts?

Yasemin Aksoyalp, Tugba Elif Toprak

Abstract


Investigating the presence and presentation of speech acts in course books may be significant in an EFL (English as a Foreign Language) environment since in most cases, students rely on them for pragmatic input. Though a large body of research has dealt with the speech acts, relatively little research has been conducted to examine the speech acts in English course books. To fill in this gap, this study aimed to investigate how complaints, apologies and suggestions were presented in EFL course books. To this end, a content analysis on 17 course books of different language proficiency levels (i.e. from beginner to advanced) was conducted to find out (i) whether the course books included the aforementioned speech acts (ii) the range and frequencies of linguistic strategies used to perform these speech acts and (iii) whether their frequency showed variation across all proficiency levels. The findings have clear implications for course book writers, publishers and language teachers.  The findings are presented and implications are made. 


Keywords


Speech acts, course books, EFL, proficiency level

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alcon-Soler, A. (2005). Does instruction work for learning pragmatics in the EFL context? System, 33, 417-435.

Bachman, L. F. (1990). Fundamental considerations in language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Banerjee, J., & Carrell, P. (1988). Tuck in your shirt, you squid: suggestions in ESL. Language Learning, 38, 313–364.

Bardovi-Harlig, K., Hartford, B. S., Mahan-Taylor, R., Morgan, M. J., & Reynolds, D.W. (1991). Developing pragmatic awareness: closing the conversation. ELT Journal, 45, 4-15.

Bardovi-Harlig, K., & Dörnyei, Z. (1998). Do language learners recognise pragmatic violations? Pragmatic versus grammatical awareness in instructed L2 learning. TESOL Quarterly, 32(2), 233-259.

Blum-Kulka, S., & Olshtain, E. (1984). Requests and apologies: a cross-cultural study of speech-act realization patterns (CCSARP). Applied Linguistics, 5(3), 196-213.

Blum-Kulka, S. House, J., & Kasper, G. (Eds.), (1989). Cross-cultural pragmatics: requests and apologies. Norwood: Ablex.

Boxer, D., & Pickering, L. (1995). Problems in the presentation of speech acts in ELT materials: The case of complaints. ELT Journal, 49(1), 44-58.

Brown, P. L., & Levinson, S. (1987). Politeness some universals in language use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cohen, A. D., & Olshtain, E. (1981). Developing a measure of socio-cultural competence: the case of apology. Language Learning, 31(1), 113-134.

Demeter, G. (2006). A pragmatic study of apology strategies in Romanian. Unpublished master’s thesis, North University, Romania.

Ishihara, N. (2007). Web-based curriculum for pragmatics instruction in Japanese as a foreign language: An explicit awareness-raising approach. Language Awareness, 16(1), 21-40.

Jernigan, J. (2008). Instruction and developing second language pragmatic competence: An Investigation into the efficacy of output. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL.

Kasper, G. (2001). Four perspectives on L2 pragmatic development. Applied Linguistics, 22(4), 502-530.

Kasper, G., & Rose, K. R. (2002). Pragmatic development in a second language. Oxford: Blackwell.

Kecskes, I. (2014). Intercultural Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Koike, D., & Pearson, L. (2005). The effect of instruction and feedback in the development of pragmatic competence. System, 33, 481-501.

Kramsch, C. (1988). The cultural discourse of foreign language textbooks. In A. Singerman (Ed.), Towards a new integration of language and culture (pp. 63-68). Middlebury, VT: Northeast Conference.

Martínez-Flor, A. (2005). A theoretical review of the speech act of suggesting: towards a taxonomy for its use in FLT. Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses, 18, 167-187.

Meinl, E. M. (2010). Electronic complaints: an empirical study on British English and German complaints on eBay. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Bonn, Germany.

Olshtain, E., & Cohen, A. (1990). The learning of complex speech act behaviour. TESL Canada Journal, 7(2), 45-65.

Philips, E. M. (1993). Polite requests: second language textbooks and learners of French. Foreign Language Annals, 26(3), 372-381.

Rose, K. (2000). An exploratory cross-sectional study of interlanguage pragmatic development. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 22, 27-67.

Wishnoff, J. (2000). Hedging your bets: L2 learners’ acquisition of pragmatic devices in academic writing and computer mediated discourse. Second Language Studies, 19(1), 119-148.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.4n.2p.125

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2020 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.