Exploring the English Language Teachers’ Attitudes Towards the Use of Pedagogical Dictionaries in their Classes (Sudanese Perspective)

Nauman Al-Amin Ali El-Sayed, Ahmed Gumaa Siddiek

Abstract


The dictionary should always be present in language education. It is the tool with which EFL teachers can effectively perform teaching tasks in their classes. Good teachers should take on the habit of consulting their dictionaries to assimilate the lexical, syntactical, phonological, morphological, etymological and more other features of one word or expression that a good dictionary can provide. This paper is investigating the attitudes of English language teachers in the use of this important teaching aid. It is an additional viewpoint from EL teachers in four Sudanese State Universities on the use of dictionary in their classes. The findings of this research might be of significance to other researchers, teachers, language learners and textbook designers; and the results may be applicable in many similar EFL environments round the globe.

 


Keywords


Pedagogy, monolingual dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries, ELT, Sudanese universities

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References


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Ard, J. 1982. 'The use of bilingual dictionaries by ESL students while writing'. ITL Review of Applied Linguistics 58. 1-27.

Atkins, B. T.S. (ed.). (1998). 'Using Dictionaries: studies of dictionary use by language learners and translators'. Niemeyer: Tübingen.

Baxter, J. (1980). 'The dictionary and vocabulary behavior: a single word or a handful?' TESOL Quarterly XIV. 3.325-336.

Bejoint, H. (1994). 'Tradition and Innovation in Modern English Dictionaries'. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Benoussan, M., D, Sim, R. Weiss.(1984). The effect of dictionary usage on EFL test performance compared with student and teacher attitudes and expectations. Readings in a Foreign Language 2.262-276.

Bogaards, P. (1998). 'Using dictionaries: Which words are looked up by foreign language learners? In B. T. S. Atkins & K. Varantola (Eds.), Studies of dictionary use by language learners and translators (pp. 151–157). Tubingen, Germany.

Bourdieu, J. (1991). 'Symbolic Power'. Cambridge: The Polity Press

Brown, J.D. (1996). 'Understanding Research in Second Language Learning'. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chomsky, N.(1957). 'Syntactic Structures'. The Hague: Mouton.

Garcia, M. (2005). 'Using Monolingual English Dictionaries for Soluton of Lexical Problems of Mexican Students'. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Great Britain: University of Essex.

Gimson, A.C. (1995). 'English Pronouncing Dictionary'. London: Dent.

Grabe, W., & F.Stoller. (2004). 'Reading for academic purposes: Guidelines for the ESL/EFL teacher'. In M. Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a second or foreign language (pp.187–204). Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.

Hartmann, R.R.K. (1991). 'What is the Use of Learners' Dictionaries?'. Institute of Language in Education Journal. 8. 73-83.

Hartmann, R.R.K. (1994). 'The Learners Dictionary: Unilingual or Interlingual?'. In L. Flowerdew and K.K. Tong (ed.,) Entering Text. Hong Kong: The Hong Kong University.

Hartmann, R.R.K. (1998). 'Dictionaries and their Users.' Exeter: University of Exeter.

Hartmann, R.R.K. (2002). Thematic Network Project in the Area of Languages. Subproject 9: Dictionaries. Exeter.

Hartmann, R.R.K. (2003). Lexicography with particular reference to English learners' dictionaries. Language Teaching. 25. 151-59.

Hathedral, G. (1994). 'Studying dictionary use: some findings and proposals'. In R., Hartmann (ed.). Proceedings of international conference on lexicography. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Knight, S. (1994). 'Dictionary use while reading: The effects on comprehension and vocabulary acquisition for students of different verbal abilities'. The Modern Language Journal, 78, Prichard: Evaluating L2 readers’ vocabulary strategies and dictionary use 230. Reading in a Foreign Language 20(2) 285–299.

Laufer, B. (1997). 'The lexical plight in second language reading: Words you don’t know, words you think you know, and words you can’t guess.' In J. Coady & T. Huckin (Eds.), Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition (pp. 20–34). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Laufer, B., & T. Levitzky-Aviad, (2003). 'Look up behaviour and word retention as a function of task type and word relevance.' AsiaLEX Proceedings, Tokyo, Japan.

Luppescu, S., & R. R. Day. (1993). 'Reading, dictionaries, and vocabulary learning. Language Learning.' 43, 263–287.

Lyons, J. (1977). 'Semantics: (2 vols)'. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Miller, Julia. (2008). 'Teachers and Dictionaries in Australia: Is There a Need to Train the Trainers?'. TESOL in Context, Vol. 17, No. 2, Feb 11-19.

Nation, I. S. P. (1990). 'Teaching and learning vocabulary.' Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Nation, I. S. P. (2001). 'Learning vocabulary in another language.' Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Nation, I. S. P., & R. Warring, (1997). 'Vocabulary size, text coverage and word lists'. In N. Schmitt & M. McCarthy (Eds.), Vocabulary: Description, acquisition and pedagogy (pp.6–19). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Palmer, F.R. (1995). 'Semantics (2nd edition).' Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Prichard, Caleb. 2008. Evaluating L2 readers’ vocabulary strategies and dictionary use, Reading in a Foreign Language. October 2008, Volume 20, No. 2. ISSN 1539-0578 pp. 216–231.

Stein, G. 1990. 'From the Bilingual to the Monolingual Dictionary'. Hamburg University.

Stein, G. (1995). 'Illustration in Dictionaries'. International Journal of Lexicography 4.2: 99-.

Stein, G. (2002). 'Better Words: Evaluation of EFL Dictionaries'. Exeter: Exeter University Press.

Stein, Gabriele. (2013). 'EFL DICTIONARIES, THE TEACHER AND THE STUDENT'. JALT JOURNAL, VOLUME 11. NO.1. Retrieved at jalt-publications.org/files/pdf-article/jj-art3.pdf‎ on June 20.

Summers, D. (1988). 'The role of dictionaries in language learning'. In R. Carter & M. McCarthy (Eds.), Vocabulary and language teaching (pp. 111–125). London: Longman.

Wallace, K. (2000). 'Study Skills'. Cambridge: Cambridge University press.

Wright, J. (2001). 'Dictionaries, Resource Books for Teachers'. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Ahmed, M.O. (1999). 'Vocabulary Acquisition: A Study of Habits'. Khartoum University Press.

Ard, J. 1982. 'The use of bilingual dictionaries by ESL students while writing'. ITL Review of Applied Linguistics 58. 1-27.

Atkins, B. T.S. (ed.). (1998). 'Using Dictionaries: studies of dictionary use by language learners and translators'. Niemeyer: Tübingen.

Baxter, J. (1980). 'The dictionary and vocabulary behavior: a single word or a handful?' TESOL Quarterly XIV. 3.325-336.

Bejoint, H. (1994). 'Tradition and Innovation in Modern English Dictionaries'. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Benoussan, M., D, Sim, R. Weiss.(1984). The effect of dictionary usage on EFL test performance compared with student and teacher attitudes and expectations. Readings in a Foreign Language 2.262-276.

Bogaards, P. (1998). 'Using dictionaries: Which words are looked up by foreign language learners? In B. T. S. Atkins & K. Varantola (Eds.), Studies of dictionary use by language learners and translators (pp. 151–157). Tubingen, Germany.

Bourdieu, J. (1991). 'Symbolic Power'. Cambridge: The Polity Press

Brown, J.D. (1996). 'Understanding Research in Second Language Learning'. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chomsky, N.(1957). 'Syntactic Structures'. The Hague: Mouton.

Garcia, M. (2005). 'Using Monolingual English Dictionaries for Soluton of Lexical Problems of Mexican Students'. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Great Britain: University of Essex.

Gimson, A.C. (1995). 'English Pronouncing Dictionary'. London: Dent.

Grabe, W., & F.Stoller. (2004). 'Reading for academic purposes: Guidelines for the ESL/EFL teacher'. In M. Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a second or foreign language (pp.187–204). Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.

Hartmann, R.R.K. (1991). 'What is the Use of Learners' Dictionaries?'. Institute of Language in Education Journal. 8. 73-83.

Hartmann, R.R.K. (1994). 'The Learners Dictionary: Unilingual or Interlingual?'. In L. Flowerdew and K.K. Tong (ed.,) Entering Text. Hong Kong: The Hong Kong University.

Hartmann, R.R.K. (1998). 'Dictionaries and their Users.' Exeter: University of Exeter.

Hartmann, R.R.K. (2002). Thematic Network Project in the Area of Languages. Subproject 9: Dictionaries. Exeter.

Hartmann, R.R.K. (2003). Lexicography with particular reference to English learners' dictionaries. Language Teaching. 25. 151-59.

Hathedral, G. (1994). 'Studying dictionary use: some findings and proposals'. In R., Hartmann (ed.). Proceedings of international conference on lexicography. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Knight, S. (1994). 'Dictionary use while reading: The effects on comprehension and vocabulary acquisition for students of different verbal abilities'. The Modern Language Journal, 78, Prichard: Evaluating L2 readers’ vocabulary strategies and dictionary use 230. Reading in a Foreign Language 20(2) 285–299.

Laufer, B. (1997). 'The lexical plight in second language reading: Words you don’t know, words you think you know, and words you can’t guess.' In J. Coady & T. Huckin (Eds.), Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition (pp. 20–34). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Laufer, B., & T. Levitzky-Aviad, (2003). 'Look up behaviour and word retention as a function of task type and word relevance.' AsiaLEX Proceedings, Tokyo, Japan.

Luppescu, S., & R. R. Day. (1993). 'Reading, dictionaries, and vocabulary learning. Language Learning.' 43, 263–287.

Lyons, J. (1977). 'Semantics: (2 vols)'. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Miller, Julia. (2008). 'Teachers and Dictionaries in Australia: Is There a Need to Train the Trainers?'. TESOL in Context, Vol. 17, No. 2, Feb 11-19.

Nation, I. S. P. (1990). 'Teaching and learning vocabulary.' Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Nation, I. S. P. (2001). 'Learning vocabulary in another language.' Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Nation, I. S. P., & R. Warring, (1997). 'Vocabulary size, text coverage and word lists'. In N. Schmitt & M. McCarthy (Eds.), Vocabulary: Description, acquisition and pedagogy (pp.6–19). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Palmer, F.R. (1995). 'Semantics (2nd edition).' Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Prichard, Caleb. 2008. Evaluating L2 readers’ vocabulary strategies and dictionary use, Reading in a Foreign Language. October 2008, Volume 20, No. 2. ISSN 1539-0578 pp. 216–231.

Stein, G. 1990. 'From the Bilingual to the Monolingual Dictionary'. Hamburg University.

Stein, G. (1995). 'Illustration in Dictionaries'. International Journal of Lexicography 4.2: 99-.

Stein, G. (2002). 'Better Words: Evaluation of EFL Dictionaries'. Exeter: Exeter University Press.

Stein, Gabriele. (2013). 'EFL DICTIONARIES, THE TEACHER AND THE STUDENT'. JALT JOURNAL, VOLUME 11. NO.1. Retrieved at jalt-publications.org/files/pdf-article/jj-art3.pdf‎ on June 20.

Summers, D. (1988). 'The role of dictionaries in language learning'. In R. Carter & M. McCarthy (Eds.), Vocabulary and language teaching (pp. 111–125). London: Longman.

Wallace, K. (2000). 'Study Skills'. Cambridge: Cambridge University press.

Wright, J. (2001). 'Dictionaries, Resource Books for Teachers'. Oxford University Press, Oxford.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.3n.3p.171

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