Language Theories Donation through Materials Development A case study in Jordan

Ali Ata Alkhaldi

Abstract


Materials development assists the teachers to understand and apply language learning theories and achieve professional development (Tomlinson, 2001) which this research has shown. This research aims to find out to what extent theories match the actual practice of materials and to help ‘theorists’ reflect upon language theories which are implicitly or explicitly embedded in the materials. It also aims to reveal the teachers’ and learners’ contributions in determining the practical theories. The sample of this research was purposive, that is, it was selected for a specific purpose to collect qualitative data and cover as wide a range as possible. The researcher interviewed thirty Jordanian teachers and students using qualitative research methods. The findings revealed some key principles donated by the participants, for example, 1) the materials should provide the learners with a variety of useful samples of discourse to enable them to use the language communicatively and meaningfully; 2) the materials should encourage the teachers’ and learners’ creativity; 3) the materials should take into account the teachers’ and learners’ preferences; and 4) the materials should take into consideration the specific and sensitive cultural aspects. Insightful implications and recommendations were suggested for future research.

 


Keywords


Theories, Principles, Materials Development, Evaluation, Professional Development

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ababneh, J. (2007). Analyzing the content of "Jordan opportunities" series for the basic stage Jordanian students and investigating teachers' and supervisors' opinions. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Amman Arab University for Graduate Studies, Amman, Jordan.

Al-Jarrah, Z. (1987). Analysis and evaluation of the new textbooks (PETRA) for the fifth and sixth elementary classes in Jordan. Unpublished master’s thesis, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.

Alkhaldi, A. (2011). Materials Development in Jordan: An Applied Linguistics Challenge. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK.

Al-Kofeiri, Q. (1997). An evaluation of the English textbook (PETRA) for the tenth grade in Jordan from teachers' perspectives. Unpublished master’s thesis, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.

Almomani, N. (1998). An evaluation of EFL textbooks (AMRA) for the first and second secondary classes in Jordan: Students’, teachers’ and supervisors’ perspectives. Unpublished master’s thesis, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.

Alomari, B. (2002). An evaluation of Action Pack: teachers’ and supervisors’ perspectives. Unpublished master’s thesis, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.

Al Salah, M. (1992). An evaluation of English teacher’s guide of the secondary cycle in Jordan. Unpublished master’s thesis, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.

Bolitho, R. (2003). Materials for language awareness. In B. Tomlinson (Ed.), Materials Development for Language Teaching, (pp.422-425). London: Continuum Press.

Cohen, L., Manion, L. & Morrison, K. (2007). Research Methods in Education (6th ed.). London: Routledge.

Cook, V. (1996). Second Language Learning and Second Language Teaching. London: Edward Arnold.

Crawford, J. (2002). The role of materials in the language classroom: Finding the balance. In J. Richards & W. Renandya (Eds.), Methodology in Language Teaching: an Anthology of Current Practice, (pp.80-90). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Creswell, J. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cunningsworth, A. (1995). Choosing your Coursebook. Oxford: Heinemann.

Dat, B. (2003) Materials for developing speaking skills. In B. Tomlinson (Ed.), Developing Materials for Language Teaching, (pp.375-393). London: Continuum Press.

Dörnyei, Z. (2007). Research methods in Applied Linguistics: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methodologies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

El-Mostafa, A. (1988). An evaluation of the TEFL textbook (PETRA) for the first preparatory class in Jordan. Unpublished master’s thesis, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.

Graves, K. (1996). Teachers as course developers. In K. Graves (Ed.), Teachers as Course Developers, (pp.1-11). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Graves, K. (2000). Designing Language Course: A Guide for Teachers. Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

Masuhara, H. and Tomlinson, B. (2008). Materials for general English. In B. Tomlinson (Ed.), English Language Learning Materials: A Critical Review, (pp.17-37). London: Continuum.

McDonough, J. and Shaw, C. (2003). Materials and Methods in ELT: A Teacher's guide (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.

McGrath, I. (2002). Materials Evaluation and Design for Language Teaching. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Mckay, S. (2002). Teaching English as an International Language: Rethinking Goals and Approaches. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mukundan, J. (2009). ESL Textbook Evaluation: A Composite Framework. Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing AG and Co. KG.

Oxford, R. L. (2001). Language learning styles and strategies. In M. Celce-Murcia (Ed), Teaching English as Second or Foreign Language (3rd ed., pp.359-366). Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

Richards, J. (2001). Curriculum Development in Language Education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Saleh, N. (1990). An evaluation of the TEFL textbook (PETRA) for the second preparatory class in Jordan. Unpublished master’s thesis, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.

Saraceni, C. (2003). Adapting courses: A critical view. In B. Tomlinson (Ed), Materials Development for Language Teaching, (pp.72-85). London: Continuum Press.

Shatnawi, M. (2005). The cultural dimension in TEFL: a case study of the ‘Cutting Edge’ series. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Amman Arab University for Graduate Studies, Amman, Jordan.

Timmis, I. (2004). Materials design principled compromise and compromised principles? Folio, 9(1), 11-14.

Tomlinson, B. (Ed.). (1998). Materials Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tomlinson, B. (1999). Developing criteria for evaluating L2 materials. IATEFL Issues, 147, 10-13.

Tomlinson, B. (2001). Materials development. In R. Carter & D. Nunan (Eds.), The Cambridge Guide to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages, (pp.66-71). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tomlinson, B. (Ed.). (2003a). Materials Development for Language Teaching. London: Continuum Press.

Tomlinson, B. (2003b). Materials evaluation. In B. Tomlinson (Ed.), Developing Materials for Language Teaching, (pp.15-36). London: Continuum.

Tomlinson, B. & Masuhara, H. (2004). Developing Language Course Materials. Singapore: RELC Portfolio Series.

Ur, P. (1996). A Course in Language Teaching: Practice and Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.3n.3p.112

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.