Chamomile an Adjunctive Herbal Remedy for Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

Afshin Gharakhani, Sanaz Hamedeyazdan, Taher Entezari-Maleki, Hamed Ghavimi

Abstract


One of the most frequently consumed herbal remedies available today is the chamomile preparations prepared from Matricaria chamomilla (MC). The medicinal preparations of MC are composed of several classes of biological active compounds with inhibitory effects on inflammation including essential oil and flavonoids. Apigenin, quercetin and luteolin are the major flavonoids of MC which exhibit their anti-inflammatory effects through different mechanisms. Apigenin exhibits anti-inflammatory activity via inhibition of proinflammatory cytokines production, whilst luteolin suppresses production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 and expression of inducible NO synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 all of which are associated with inflammatory responses. However, there are also some additional components of the MC preparations which have a role on the anti-inflammatory actions of the plant through other pathways. The mentioned mechanisms are in reference with the authors' concept that MC would be of value in alleviating inflammation and pain in rheumatoid arthritis.


Keywords: Essential oil; flavonoids; Matricaria chamomilla; polyphenols; rheumatoid arthritis


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